诗词名句
诗词鉴赏

与船有关的诗词英语 古诗中与船有关的句子

和芦苇有关的诗词

银丰彩票平台【江村晚眺】 戴复古

银丰彩票平台江头落日照平沙,潮退渔船阁岸斜。

白鸟一双临水立,见人惊起入芦花。

【青溪主客歌】

汪崇亮

野王手奏淮淝捷,门外归来有旌节。

伸眉一笑紫髯秋,袖中犹挟柯亭月。

山阴主人载雪舟,掀篷系缆青溪头。

银丰彩票平台平生耳热欠一识,若为牵挽行云留。

银丰彩票平台一声横玉西风里,芦花不动鸥飞起。

马蹄依旧入青山,柳梢浸月天如水。

银丰彩票平台 【咏芦苇】 余亚飞

银丰彩票平台浅水之中潮湿地,婀娜芦苇一丛丛;

银丰彩票平台迎风摇曳多姿态,质朴无华野趣浓。

和颜色有关的诗词

赤橙黄绿青蓝紫,谁持彩练当空舞? 毛泽东【大柏地】

红豆生南国,春来发几枝? 王维【相思】

天街小雨润如酥,草色遥看近却无。 韩愈【早春呈水部张十八员外】

日照香炉生紫烟,遥看瀑布挂前川。 李白【望庐山瀑布】

浓绿万枝红一点,动人春色不须多。 王安石【咏石榴花】

一年好景君须记,最是橙黄橘绿时。 苏轼【赠刘景文】

风翻白浪花千片,雁点青天成一行。 白居易【寄水部张籍员外】

绿杨烟外晓寒轻,红杏枝头春意闹。 宋祁【玉楼春】

碧玉妆成一树高,万条垂下绿丝绦。 贺知章【咏柳】

千里黄云白日曛,北风吹雁雪纷纷。 高适【别董大】

落霞与孤鹫齐飞,秋水共长天一色。 王勃【滕王阁序】

银丰彩票平台春色满园关不住,一枝红杏出墙来。 叶绍翁【游园不值】

黑云翻墨未遮山,白雨跳珠乱入船。 苏轼【望湖楼醉书】

停车坐爱枫林晚,霜叶红于二月花。 杜牧【山行】

银丰彩票平台接天莲叶无穷碧,映日荷花别样红。 杨万里【晓出净慈寺送林子方】

英文诗的格式有哪些

英诗浩瀚,篇幅长短不一,长至成集,短至仅句。为使英语学习者了解英诗,特拟此文,从实用角度阐述英诗的欣赏:诗的格律、诗的押韵、诗的体式、诗的评判。

诗以高度凝结的语言表达着人们的喜怒哀乐,用其特有的节奏与方式影响着人们的精神世界。诗讲究联想,运用象征、比喻、拟人等各种修辞手法,形成了独特的语言艺术。(有关修辞手法可参考相关书籍)。

一、 诗的格律

“格律是指可以用脚打拍子的节奏”,是每个音步轻重音节排列的格式,也是朗读时轻重音的依据。而音步是由重读音节和非重读音节构成的诗的分析单位。重读音节为扬(重),在音节上用“-”或“ˊ”标示,非重读音节为抑(轻),在音节上用“)”标示,音步之间可用“/”隔开。以下是五种常见格式:

1. 抑扬格(轻重格)Iambus:是最常见的一种格式,每个音步由一个非重读音节加一个重读音节构成。

银丰彩票平台As fair / art thou / my bon/nie lass,

银丰彩票平台So deep / in luve / am I :

And I / will luve / thee still,/ my dear,

银丰彩票平台Till a` / the seas / gang dry:

Robert Burns(1759-1796): My Luve Is like a Red, Red Rose

注;art=are luve=love bonnie=beautiful a`=all gang=go

上例中为四音步与三音步交叉,可标示为:)-/)-/)-/()-)

2.扬抑格(重轻格)Trochee:每个音步由一个重读音节加一个非重读音节构成。

银丰彩票平台下例中为四音步扬抑格(少一个轻音节),可标示为:-)/-)/-)/-

Tyger!/ Tyger!/ burning / bright

银丰彩票平台In the / forests / of the / night

William Blake: The Tyger

3. 抑抑扬格(轻轻重格)Anapaestic foot: 每个音步由两个非重读音节加一个重读音节构成。如:三音步抑抑扬格))-/))-/))-

Like a child / from the womb,

Like a ghost / from the tomb,

银丰彩票平台I arise / and unbuild / it again.

4. 扬抑抑格(重轻轻格)Dactylic foot: 每个音步由一个重读音节加两个非重读音节构成。如:两音步扬抑抑格-))/-))

ˊTouch her not / ˊscornfully,

银丰彩票平台ˊThink of her / ˊmournfully.

银丰彩票平台-- Thomas Hood

5. 抑扬抑格(轻重轻格)Amphibrach:每个音步由一个非重读音节加一个重读音节再加一个非重读音节构成。如:三音步抑扬抑格)-)/)-)/)-)

下例中最后一个音步为抑扬格。

O ˊhush thee / my ˊbabie / thy ˊsire was / a knight.

在同一首诗中常会出现不同的格律,格律解析对朗读诗歌有一定参考价值。现代诗中常不遵守规范的格律。

银丰彩票平台二、 诗的押韵

银丰彩票平台押韵是指通过重复元音或辅音以达到一定音韵效果的诗歌写作手法。

银丰彩票平台1. 尾韵:最常见,最重要的押韵方式。

银丰彩票平台1) 联韵:aabb型。

银丰彩票平台I shot an arrow into the air,

银丰彩票平台It fell to earth, I knew not where;

For, so swiftly it flew, the sight

Could not follow it in its flight.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: The Arrow and the Song

2) 交叉韵:abab型。

银丰彩票平台Sunset and evening star,

银丰彩票平台And one clear call for me!

And may there be no moaning of the bar,

银丰彩票平台When I put out to sea,

银丰彩票平台Alfred Tennyson(1809-1892): Crossing the Bar

3) 同韵:有的诗押韵,一韵到底,大多是在同一节诗中共用一个韵脚。

银丰彩票平台如下例就共用/i:p/为韵脚。

The woods are lovely, dark and deep,

But I have promises to keep,

And miles to go before I sleep,

银丰彩票平台And miles to go before I sleep.

Robert Frost (1874-1963): Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

2. 头韵:是指一行(节)诗中几个词开头的辅音相同,形成押韵。下例中运用/f/、/b/与/s/头韵生动写出了船在海上轻快航行的景象。

The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,

银丰彩票平台The furrow followed free,

We were the first that ever burst

Into that silent sea.

银丰彩票平台T.S. Coleridge: Rime of the Acient Mariner

银丰彩票平台3.内韵(同元音):指词与词之间原因的重复形成的内部押韵。

银丰彩票平台下面一节诗中/i/及/iη/重复照应,呈现出一派欢乐祥和的气氛。

银丰彩票平台Spring, the sweet spring, is the year’s pleasant king;

Then blooms each thing, then maids dance in a ring,

Cold dath not sting, the pretty birds do sing:

Cuckoo,jug-jug,pu-we,to-witta-woo!

银丰彩票平台Thomas Nashe(1567-1601): Spring, the Sweet Spring

银丰彩票平台三、 诗的体式

银丰彩票平台有的诗分成几节(stanza),每节由若干诗行组成(每行诗均以大写字母开头);有的诗则不分节。目前我们常见的诗体有:

1. 十四行诗 (Sonnet),源于中世纪民间抒情短诗,十三、十四世纪流行于意大利,意大利彼特拉克(Petrarch)为代表人物,每行十一个音节,全诗一节八行,加一节六行,韵脚用abba, abba, cdcdcd (cdecde)。前八行提问,后六行回答。

银丰彩票平台后来,怀亚特(Thomas Wyatt,1503-1542)将十四行诗引人英国,五音步抑扬

银丰彩票平台格,全诗三个四行一个二行,前三节提问,后二句结论。斯宾塞(Edmund

Spenser,1552-1599)用韵脚 abab, bcbc,cdcd,ee。莎士比亚(William

Shakespeare,1564-1616)用韵脚abab,cdcd,dfdf,gg,称英国式或莎士比亚式。举

银丰彩票平台例见本文第四部分。

银丰彩票平台2. 打油诗(Limericks):通常是小笑话甚至是胡诌,一般没有标题也无作者姓名,含有幽默讽刺性,常运用双关,内韵等手法。每首诗五个诗行,押韵为aabba,格律以抑扬格和抑抑扬格为主。

银丰彩票平台1) There was a young lady of Nigger

Who smiled as she rode on a tiger;

银丰彩票平台They returned from the ride

With the lady inside,

And the smile on the face of the tiger.

银丰彩票平台2) A tutor who taught on the flute

Tried to teach two tooters to toot,

“Is it harder to toot, or

银丰彩票平台Said the two to the tutor,

To tutor two tooters to toot?”

3. 无韵体(Blank Verse):五音步抑扬格,不押韵诗体。

Across the watery bale , and shout again,

Responsive to his call, -- with quivering peals,

And long halloos, and screams, and echoes loud.

Redoubled and redoubled:concourse wild

银丰彩票平台Of jocund din!…

William Wordsworth: There Was a Boy

银丰彩票平台4. 自由诗(Free Verse):现代诗中常见的体式,长短不同的诗行存在于同一首诗中,不讲究押韵与格律,只注重诗歌所表达的意象和传递的情感。美国诗人Walt Whitman的<<草叶集>>(Leaves of Grass)中,就采用此格式。例子见第四部分。

四、 诗的评判

对一首诗,个人的感受会有不同。节奏流畅,语言精炼,联想新颖的诗可算是好诗。堆砌词藻,一味抒发感情而无实际内容的诗,只能是下乘的诗。

二十世纪英美诗歌大量采用自由诗体,接近口语,可谓大胆创新,大概也是诗歌发展的大势所趋吧。以下通过三首诗的分析看诗的评判。

1. That Time of Year

银丰彩票平台That time of year thou may’st in me behold

银丰彩票平台When yellow leaves,or none,or few, do hang

Upon those boughs which shake against the cold,

银丰彩票平台Bare ruined choirs where late the sweet birds sang,

In me thou see’st the twilight of such day

银丰彩票平台As after sunset fadeth in the west,

When by and by black night doth take away,

Death’s second self, that seals up all in rest.

In me thou see’st the glowing of such fire,

That on the ashes of his youth doth lie.

As the deathbed whereon it must expire,

银丰彩票平台Consumed with that which it was nourished by.

This you perceivest, which makes thy love more strong,

银丰彩票平台To love that well which thou must leave ere long.

Notes:may’st:may behold:see late:no long ago thou:you see’st:see

fadeth:fades doth:does seals up all at rest:彻底埋葬

thy:your perceivest: perceive ere long: before long

银丰彩票平台此诗是莎士比亚(William Shakespeare, 1564-1616)的一首十四行诗。作为英国文学巨匠,他以37部剧作和154首十四行诗屹立于世界文坛。

银丰彩票平台此诗为五音步抑扬格,每个诗行格律为:)-/)-/)-/)-/)-/。

全诗涉及衰老、死亡及爱情问题。前十二行:通过描写深秋的树枝黄叶凋零,曾是百鸟争鸣的歌坛,联想到自身青春会如夕阳消逝在远方,被黑夜吞没;自身的青春会如将尽的柴火奄奄一息,被曾滋养过它的火焰焚化。其中choirs(歌坛),deathbed(灵床)使用暗喻手法,同时又用夕阳和柴火象征人的衰老死亡。最后两行:点题,人们对即将永别的东西会更珍惜。本文动词变化具有明显的伊利沙白时代的特点。

2. The Daffodils

银丰彩票平台I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o’er vales and hills,

When all at once I saw a crowd,

银丰彩票平台A host of golden daffodils;

银丰彩票平台Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

银丰彩票平台Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the Milky Way,

银丰彩票平台They stretched in never-ending line

银丰彩票平台Along the margin of a bay:

银丰彩票平台Ten thousand saw I at a glance,

Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

The waves beside them danced; but they

Outdid the sparkling waves in glee:

A poet could not but be gay,

银丰彩票平台In such a jocund company:

银丰彩票平台I gazed --- and gazed --- but little thought

What wealth the show to me had brought:

银丰彩票平台For oft, when on my couch I lie

银丰彩票平台In vacant or in pensive mood,

They flash upon that inward eye

Which is the bliss of solitude;

银丰彩票平台Ans then my heart with pleasure fills,

And dances with the daffodils.

Notes: a crowd, a host of: many sprightly:happy glee:joy

jocund:happy bliss:complete happiness pensive:sadly thoughtful

华兹华斯(William Wordsworth,1770-1850),十九世纪初英格兰北部湖区三大“湖畔派诗人”(浪漫主义)之一。此诗向我们描绘了一幅美好的自然景象,同时抒发作者对自然美景的喜欢。黄水仙据说是威尔士国花(1282年,威尔士归顺英格兰,被封公国),在英国广泛栽种,春季开花,花期不长。有许多关于黄水仙的诗歌,这首诗无疑是脱颖而出的。

全诗语言精炼,通俗易懂,四音步抑扬格,分四节(stanza),每节6行,每节押韵均为ababcc。

第一节写诗人孤寂时外出散步,偶遇水仙;第二节写水仙争相开放,千姿百态;第三节,诗人看到这景象感到欣喜异常;第四节写诗人在日后忧郁时,回想当时情景,又让他心中充满了欢乐,随着水仙跳起舞来。

3. Song of Myself

I celebrate myself, and sing myself,

银丰彩票平台And what I assume you shall assume,

银丰彩票平台For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.

I loafe and invite my soul,

I learn and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass.

My tongue, every atom of my blood, form’d from this soil, this air,

Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same,

银丰彩票平台I, now thirty seven years old in perfect health begin,

Hoping to cease not till death.

Creeds and schools in abeyance,

Retiring back a while sufficed at what they are, but never forgotten.

I harbor for good or bad, I permit to speak at every hazard.

Nature without check with original energy.

Notes: a spear of: a piece of school:学说,流派 hazard:chance

abeyance: the condition of not being in use for a certain time

银丰彩票平台惠特曼(Walt Whitman,1819-1892),美国诗人。此诗选自其巨著<<草叶集>>。本文是Song of Myself 一诗的第一部分,采用自由诗体,语言接近当时的美国口语。

文中I指作者,you指读者,这种写法使读者身临其境,进入作者描写的世界。作者在文中表明人的价值是平等的,同时他把自己融入到自然带给他的启发思考中。

从上看出,诗歌的欣赏评判并非可望而不可及,关键要抓住诗中的意象,了解其语义,以便把握诗的大意。纵然每个人的读后感会有不同,但每个人都会在阅读过程中感受到诗歌带来的美和精神上的共鸣。

参考资料:

有些什么好点的诗句之类的?用英语怎么说?感谢感谢

*经典英文小诗 加名言警句

经典英文小诗

银丰彩票平台To see a world in a grain of sand,

一粒沙里阅世界

And a heaven in a wild flower,

一朵花中觅天堂

Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,

无穷尽在掌心中

银丰彩票平台And eternity in an hour.

永恒不过一刻钟

*小诗

银丰彩票平台If you were a teardrop;In my eye,

银丰彩票平台For fear of losing you,I would never cry.

And if the golden sun,Should cease to shine its light,

Just one smile from you,Would make my whole world bright.

银丰彩票平台如果你是我眼里的一滴泪,为了不失去你,我将永不哭泣;如果金色的阳光停止了它耀眼的光芒,你的一个微笑,将照亮我的整个世界。

*英语小诗--励志英文诗

Never give up,

银丰彩票平台Never lose hope.

银丰彩票平台Always have faith,

It allows you to cope.

Trying times will pass,

银丰彩票平台As they always do.

Just have patience,

Your dreams will come true.

So put on a smile,

You'll live through your pain.

Know it will pass,

And strength you will gain

银丰彩票平台永不放弃 ,

永不心灰意冷 。

永存信念 ,

银丰彩票平台它会使你应付自如 。

银丰彩票平台难捱的时光终将过去 ,

银丰彩票平台一如既往 。

只要有耐心 ,

梦想就会成真 。

银丰彩票平台露出微笑 ,

你会走出痛苦 。

相信苦难定会过去 ,

银丰彩票平台你将重获力量 。

* 英语小诗

银丰彩票平台Hold fast to dreams 紧紧抓住梦想,

For if dreams die 梦想若是消亡

银丰彩票平台Life is a broken-winged bird 生命就象鸟儿折了翅膀

That can never fly. 再也不能飞翔

Hold fast to dreams 紧紧抓住梦想,

银丰彩票平台For when dreams go 梦想若是消丧

Life is a barren field 生命就象贫瘠的荒野,

Frozen only with snow 雪覆冰封,万物不再生长

英语名言警句

Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者,事竟成.

银丰彩票平台Well begun is half done. 好的开端是成功的一半.

East, west, home is best. 金窝、银窝,不如自己的草窝.

There is no royal road to learning. 学无坦途.

Look before you leap. First think, thenact. 三思而后行.

It is never too late to mend. 亡羊补牢,犹为未晚.

银丰彩票平台Light come, light go. 来得容易,去得快.

银丰彩票平台Time is money. 时间就是金钱.

A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真交.

银丰彩票平台Great hopes make great man. 远大的希望,造就伟大的人物.

After a storm comes a calm. 雨过天晴.

All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马.

Art is long, but life is short. 人生有限,学问无涯.

Stick to it, and you‘ll succeed. 只要人有恒,万事都能成.

Early to bed and early to rise makes a manhealthy, wealthy, and wise. 早睡早起,富裕、聪明、身体好.

银丰彩票平台Agood medicine tastes bitter. 良药苦口.

It is good to learn at another man‘s cost. 前车之鉴.

银丰彩票平台Keeping is harder than winning. 创业不易,守业更难.

银丰彩票平台Let‘s cross the bridge when we come to it. 船到桥头自然直.

More haste, less speed. 欲速则不达.

No pains, no gains. 不劳则无获.

银丰彩票平台Nothing is difficult to the man who willtry. 世上无难事,只要肯登攀.

Where there is life, there is hope. 生命不息,希望常在.

银丰彩票平台Anidle youth, a needy age. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲.

We must not lie down, and cry, "Godhelp us." 求神不如求己.

A plant may produce new flowers; man isyoung but once. 花有重开日,人无再少年.

银丰彩票平台Godhelps those who help themselves. 自助者,天助之.

银丰彩票平台Whatmay be done at any time will be done at no time. 明日待明日,明日不再来.

银丰彩票平台Allwork and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只工作,不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻.

Diligence is the mother of success. 勤奋是成功之母.

银丰彩票平台Truth is the daughter of time. 时间见真理.

Take care of the pence, and the pounds willtake care of themselves. 积少自然成多.

银丰彩票平台Noman is wise at all times. 智者千虑,必有一失.

Never put off till tomorrow what you can dotoday. 今天能做的事绝不要拖到明天.

银丰彩票平台Liveand learn. 活到老,学到老.

银丰彩票平台Kill two birds with one stone. 一石双鸟.

银丰彩票平台It never rains but it pours. 祸不单行. Indoing we learn. 经一事,长一智.

Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难.

Anounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. 一分预防胜似十分治疗.

银丰彩票平台Industry is fortune‘s right hand, and frugality herleft.

银丰彩票平台勤勉是幸运的右手,节约是幸运的左手.

银丰彩票平台Genius is one percentinspiration and 99 percent perspiration.

天才一分来自灵感,九十九分来自勤奋.

He who laughs last laughs best. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好.

银丰彩票平台He who pays the piper, calls the tune. 谁负担费用,谁加以控制.

He who has health has hope, and he who hashope has everything.

银丰彩票平台身体健壮就有希望,有了希望就有了一切.

Noman is born wise or learned. 人非生而知之.

\Action speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩.

银丰彩票平台Courage and resolution are the spirit andsoul of virtue. 勇敢和坚决是美德的灵魂.

银丰彩票平台United we stand, divided we fall. 合即立,分即垮.

There is no smoke without fire. 无风不起浪.

银丰彩票平台Many hands make light work. 人多好办事.

Reading makes a full man. 读书长见识.

The best horse needs breeding, and theaptest child needs teaching.

银丰彩票平台最好的马要驯,最伶俐的孩子要教.

银丰彩票平台Learn young, learn fair. 学习趁年轻,学就要学好. Wisdom in the mind is better than money inthe hand.

胸中有知识,胜于手中有金钱.

银丰彩票平台Oncebitten, twice shy. 一次被咬,下次胆小.

Sound in body, sound in mind. 有健全的身体才有健全的精神.

银丰彩票平台Seeing is believing. 百闻不如一见.

银丰彩票平台Dogs wave their tails not so much in, loveto you as your bread. 狗摇尾巴,爱的是你的面包.

银丰彩票平台Moneyis a good servant but a bad master. 要做金钱的主人,莫作金钱的奴隶.

银丰彩票平台It‘s hard sailing when there is no wind. 无风难驶船.

The path to glory is always rugged. 通向光荣的道路常常是崎岖的.

银丰彩票平台Living without an aim is like sailing withouta compass. 没有目标的生活如同没有罗盘的航行. Quality matters more than quantity. 质重于量.

The on-looker sees most of the game. 旁观者清.

银丰彩票平台Wisdom is a good purchase though we paydear for it . 为了求知识,代价虽高也值得.

Joys shared with others are more enjoyed. 与众同乐,其乐更乐.

Happiness takes no account of time. 欢乐不觉日子长.

Time and tide waits for no man. 岁月不等人.

If you want knowledge, you must toil forit. 若要求知,必须刻苦.

Learn to walk before you run. 循序渐进.

银丰彩票平台Knowing something of everything, andeverything of something. 通百艺而专一长.

Fromwords to deeds is a great space. 言行之间,大有距离.

银丰彩票平台Skill and confidence are an unconqueredarmy. 技能和信心是无敌的军队.

银丰彩票平台Habit is a second nature. 习惯成自然.

Lifeless, faultless. 只有死人才不会犯错误.

银丰彩票平台A book is the same today as it always was and it will never change.

好书千载常如新.

银丰彩票平台Books, like friends, should be few and wellchosen. 读书如择友,宜少且宜精.

银丰彩票平台A book that remains shut is but a block. 书本不常翻,犹如一块砖.

银丰彩票平台It‘s not the gay coat that makes thegentleman. 君子在德不在衣.

Twoheads are better than one. 三个臭皮匠顶个诸葛亮.

银丰彩票平台Birth is much, but breeding is more. 出身重要,教养更重要.

银丰彩票平台Nothing is impossible to a willing mind. 世上无难事,只怕有心人.

Youcan‘t makesomething out of nothing. 巧妇难为无米之炊.

银丰彩票平台Nothing venture, nothing have. 不入虎穴,焉得虎子.

Nothing for nothing. 不费力气,一无所得.

Of nothing comes nothing. 无中不能生有.

银丰彩票平台Hewho makes no mistakes makes nothing. 不犯错误者一事无成.

Better say nothing than nothing to thepurpose. 话不中肯,不如不说.

Nothing succeeds like success. 一事如意,万事顺利.

Nothing stake, nothing draw. 不顶千里浪,哪来万斤鱼.

Nothing is as good as it seems beforehand. 期待比现实更美好.

Nothing is given so freely as advice. 劝人最容易.

Nothing is so certain as the unexpected. 天有不测风云,人有旦夕祸福.

银丰彩票平台Nothing seek, nothing find. 无所求则无所获.

银丰彩票平台A little of every thing is nothing in themain. 每事浅尝辄止,事事都告无成.

A great ship asks deep waters. 大船要走深水.(蛟龙要在海中游.)

The best physicians are Dr. Diet, Dr.Quiet, and Dr. Merryman.

银丰彩票平台节食博士、精心博士、快乐博士,三人都是最好的医生.

银丰彩票平台He that once deceives is ever suspected. 骗人一次,受疑一世.

银丰彩票平台Empty wagons rattle loudest. 空车响声大.

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